"The traditional model of individual leadership behaviour and development is no longer in tune with latest knowledge of the dynamics entailed in leadership performance in today’s complex environment. Development tools drawn from psychology insufficiently address the realities of organisational life. Understanding of the new sciences and the study of systems, combined with progressive 21st Century social values, demand that a new perspective of leadership be taken, reflecting the holistic context in which leadership processes are now required to operate.
[This paper] presents a systemic view of leadership, where the leadership role is one factor in an intricate system of interacting elements that affect how leadership is best applied in organisation settings and how it can be improved. The model challenges conventional approaches to the definition, specification and codification of leadership, as well as the way leadership is studied, how it is assessed and developed. Implications for various academic disciplines are considered, and a range of HR processes are discussed, including leadership development, accountability, coaching and performance management."
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